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1Z0-414 exam Dumps Source : Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3 Implementation Essentials

Test Code : 1Z0-414
Test name : Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3 Implementation Essentials
Vendor name : Oracle
: 75 real Questions

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Oracle Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3

Oracle Spotlights ZFS Storage appliance Adoption for Oracle Engineered programs Backup, Unveils ZS3 collection for Backup | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

REDWOOD SHORES, CA--(Marketwired - Apr 28, 2014) - Oracle ( NYSE : ORCL )

news summary valued clientele throughout a vast compass of geographies and industries are adopting Oracle ZFS Storage home equipment for Oracle Engineered programs backup and recovery. With the brand recent ZS3 series for backup, Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-BA, consumers acquire a pre-configured, pre-racked solution co-engineered with Oracle Database to give extreme backup and repair performance with sophisticated efficiency to back meet SLAs. in addition to extreme performance, ZS3-BA offers 5x lower three-year TCO over EMC facts domain 990(1) for Oracle Engineered systems facts insurance plan. 

news facts

  • Spotlighting demand for Oracle ZFS Storage home equipment for Engineered techniques backup and recuperation, Oracle these days introduced customers throughout the globe are adopting Oracle ZFS Storage appliances for Oracle Database backup environments.
  • Oracle's ZFS Storage industry posted stalwart year-over-year enlarge in fiscal Q3, demonstrating an extra quarter of revenue momentum for the NAS product portfolio.
  • Oracle ZFS Storage can provide unique cost for Oracle Database customers with aspects now not attainable to NetApp and EMC storage, including Oracle ingenious Storage Protocol (OISP), and computerized records Optimization (ADO) with Oracle Hybrid Columnar Compression.
  • shoppers cite the exotic efficiency, effectivity, and cost of Oracle's entertaining utility Engineered Storage capabilities executed via co-engineering Oracle hardware and utility:
  • DB Schenker Rail "as the leading rail freight company in Europe, DB Schenker Rail requires quick and reputable entry to immense quantities of statistics. Oracle Exadata Database machine and the Oracle ZFS Storage equipment has been the redress solution for us, enabling very quick backup and fix times," said Dominic Marx, Head of company Intelligence Competence center, DB Schenker Rail. "we acquire been impressed with extreme compression prices bought the exercise of Hybrid Columnar Compression with the Oracle Exadata and Oracle ZFS Storage appliance, and the proven fact that the compression degrees are maintained by the ZFS Storage equipment, so they know pervade and capability discount rates on excellent of towering performance."

    sanatorium Alemão Oswaldo Cruz "Hospitals acquire very selected company and IT requirements such as availability 24 hours a day, seven days per week. The Oracle ZFS Storage equipment changed into a herbal alternative for Oracle Exadata Database computing device backup as a result of its efficient and massive means storage, and it is already completely integrated with Oracle Exadata," referred to Denis da Costa Rodrigues, supervisor of assistance technology, medical institution Alemão Oswaldo Cruz. "As piece of the answer, they additionally implemented Oracle energetic data guard, which extra raises their records insurance scheme capabilities. The common Oracle Exadata - ZFS Storage solution has now not simplest enhanced their potential to bring exceptional healthcare services, but additionally gives the extreme availability, agility and data coverage to assist their operations."

    SunGard Availability features "Over the final 5 - 6 years, now they acquire considered their facts double then triple in dimension, putting real stress on their infrastructure," stated Hal Moretto, Director, enterprise Infrastructure, SunGard Availability capabilities. "the usage of RMAN and Oracle's ZFS Storage appliance to backup the Oracle Exadata Database computer, they acquire now been in a position to create encrypted backups and leverage the InfiniBand connectivity between ZFS and Exadata to enhance throughput, as well as replicating the backup to their offsite D/R location to a 2d ZFS storage appliance by course of storage replication, making that backup set purchasable for offsite restoration if required."

  • additional valued clientele using Oracle ZFS Storage home equipment for Oracle Engineered programs backup, inform their stories here.
  • Oracle's recent ZS3 series for Backup complements Engineered techniques intense performance, Helps reduce Backup and recovery possibility and value Over EMC

  • ZS3-BA helps ensure backup and restoration SLAs are met by course of scaling to 26 TB/hr for plenary backups and 17 TB/hr for plenary restores -- a 30 percent enlarge for backups and 80 % enlarge for restores over the outdated generation.
  • ZS3-BA presents 5x lessen three-12 months TCO over EMC records area 990 without the want for extra expensive agents, media servers and third-celebration utility required via rivals' programs, and it is available in a HA configuration, not relish EMC records area items.
  • ZS3-BA additionally helps valued clientele meet backup window and restoration time targets through offering a completely optimized I/O stack for sophisticated database backup and healing efficiency through a mammoth cache-centric architecture (DRAM and flash), symmetric multiprocessing OS, and applied sciences comparable to OISP, Oracle Direct NFS (dNFS), far off Direct recollection entry (RDMA), and InfiniBand.
  • ZS3-BA supports Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC), which may compress Oracle Database records with the aid of 10-50x, enabling valued clientele to enormously reduce the volume of storage and bandwidth required. furthermore, HCC compression is maintained perquisite through the backup atmosphere and for secondary processing including snaps and clones that may too subsist used natively for building/look at various/QA. HCC is purchasable only with Oracle storage.
  • Oracle ZFS Storage appliance is the best NAS product with direct InfiniBand connectivity to Oracle engineered techniques' own InfiniBand backplanes, allowing customers to leverage the fastest bandwidth available to carry 40Gb/sec throughput speeds.
  • ZS3-BA is pre-configured and pre-racked for engineered systems integration to speed deployment and in the reduction of configuration possibility. Oracle's engineered methods backup utility helps additional assemble rid of setting up guesswork to allow rapidly and trustworthy setup. 
  • helping Quote

  • "extraordinarily towering velocity streaming performance, ease-of-use, and Oracle Database co-engineering supply the ZFS Storage appliance a transparent competitive skills in Oracle engineered programs backup and recovery exercise circumstances. shoppers global are adopting it as their backup solution of choice," eminent Scott Tracy, vp, Storage application, Oracle. "the recent ZS3-BA additional extends these capabilities whereas providing advanced TCO for consumers with annoying Oracle Database and Engineered methods information protection necessities."
  • supporting supplies

    About Oracle Oracle engineers hardware and utility to labor collectively within the cloud and in your data center. For more guidance about Oracle ( NYSE : ORCL ), consult with


    Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. other names can subsist logos of their respective homeowners.


    (1) Three-yr TCO calculated the usage of non-discounted record expenditures from publicly purchasable statistics. EMC records area DD990, 12xES30 - 15x2TB SATA 7.2K RPM (supply: with EMC DD990 Replicator (supply: and EMC DD990 VTL contains 2 x PCiE cards, DP, DG (source:

    Oracle ZFS Storage appliance system overview | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    The Oracle ZFS Storage appliance is designed for mid-tier NAS environments. the line has two products, the ZS3-2...

    and ZS4-4, that acquire variable setup alternate options and a wide compass of configurations. Oracle ZFS products aid mechanical challenging disk drives (HDDs) for information, and flash-based mostly strong-state drives (SSDs) for metadata and write acceleration.

    The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 matches up to 184 serial-connected SCSI (SAS) HDDs in capacities of 300 GB, 900 GB and four TB, for a optimum 736 TB of storage per single node. Drives are arranged in 24-slot disk cabinets. in contrast to many NAS arrays, the Oracle ZFS Storage appliance doesn't assist statistics SSDs. in its place, Oracle carried out a recollection means of 1 TB per node, a read gleam cache capacity of 12.eight TB and 28 TB of write gleam the exercise of write accelerators. Write accelerators are drives that withhold the contents of the ZFS Intent Log (ZIL). products back 1.6 TB SSDs for the read cache and 300 GB SSDs for the write accelerators.

    The ZS3-2 helps up to four write gleam accelerators per disk shelf. it can acquire 4 or eight 10 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) Base-T ports depending on configuration. It runs on up to 4 eight-core Intel Xeon processors, and nodes may too subsist clustered as extreme as three.1 PB.

    Write operations to ZFS Storage drives are atomic, which means they are either carried out completely or now not at all.

    The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS4-4 suits as much as 544 SAS HDDs in capacities of 900 GB and 4 TB, for a optimum 2.1 PB of storage per single node. Drives are organized in 24-slot disk enclosures, with aid for as much as 4 write accelerators per enclosure. The array can acquire as much as eight 10 GbE Base-T ports, and runs on eight 15-core Intel Xeon processors and as much as three TB of memory. ZS4-4 nodes will too subsist clustered as extreme as 6.9 PB.

    ZIL is an intent logging characteristic designed to raise statistics availability on ZFS systems. Write operations to ZFS Storage drives are atomic, that means they are either performed absolutely or now not in any respect. A list of each operation -- accepted because the "intent to operate" -- is logged to the ZIL earlier than it occurs. in the adventure of a power failure, the gadget will study the intent log to become vigilant of which operations had been in mode when the failure took status and either revert or redo them. The ZIL is saved on flash-based mostly SSDs, presenting sooner write efficiency than if it changed into written to mechanical HDDs.

    in addition to ZIL, the Oracle ZFS Storage equipment includes software for storage administration, monitoring and encryption. The ZFS Storage utility has elements akin to thin provisioning, monitoring and analytics, aid for iSCSI and Fibre Channel interconnects, and replication within local ZFS Storage clusters. additional application will too subsist licensed one by one for far off replication, AES 256-/192-/128-bit encryption and database backup. The ZFS Storage equipment is tuned to labor with Oracle databases, and its software comprises the Snap management Utility for Oracle Database and the Oracle commercial enterprise manager Plug-in for Oracle ZFS Storage appliance.

    Pricing for the Oracle ZFS Storage equipment depends upon configuration. Pricing for the ZS3-2 model degrees from $35,600 to $314,600, while the pervade of the ZS4-4 is between $one hundred thirty five,600 and $988,900. utter ZFS Storage items involve a one-yr restrained hardware warranty with cell aid utter through autochthonous enterprise hours. Response instances are tiered by severity: Severity 1 has a 4-hour response time, Severity 2 has an eight-hour response time and Severity three has a subsequent-enterprise-day response. An optional premier assurance gives 24/7 technical aid and two-hour on-site support. Oracle's advanced assist kit gives extra points comparable to 24/7 monitoring, device installation and support.

    New Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-BA Proves top of the line for Backing Up and Restoring Oracle’s Engineered methods | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Mar 3, 2014

    conserving helpful enterprise tips has become extra captious than ever as information continues to grow through 40 to 50 % per year, by means of some estimates. IT managers puss a predicament: a course to comprehensive backup and restoration operations within shrinking windows of time while too cutting back complexity, possibility, and price.

    When it comes to preserving statistics stored in Oracle’s engineered methods, the lately introduced Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3  addresses these challenges with excessive-performance streaming throughput and tight integration with Oracle Database it really is unavailable to competitors. Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-BA enhances the severe performance of Oracle’s engineered programs, including Oracle Exadata Database computing device  and Oracle SuperCluster, and gives pleasing functionality via

  • offering direct excessive-speed InfiniBand connectivity
  • maintaining Oracle recuperation supervisor greatest practices devoid of the exigency for harmful and costly third-party backup application agents, servers, and ability-sets
  • presenting co-engineered options reminiscent of Oracle Hybrid Columnar Compression that slit back statistics and enlarge efficiency throughput
  • Pre-racked, pre-configured and leverages Oracle’s unique Engineered systems Backup Utility to velocity implementation
  • “firms acquire shorter windows of time during which to comprehensive backup and repair operations, which makes extreme performance basic,” says Kerstin Woods, Oracle Senior main Product marketing Director. “on the same time, these operations acquire to subsist handy to reclaim into consequence and authentic, to guarantee that simple statistics is effectively obtainable if a failure happens. Oracle’s ZFS Storage ZS3 ensures that principal service-degree agreements are met and streamlines operations for stronger IT productiveness.”

    furthermore, Oracle ZFS Storage home equipment aid slit back the possibility of failed restores by course of enhancing availability with dual controllers, predictive self-healing aspects, and a fault-administration architecture that immediately detects and diagnoses underlying issues. To ease management complexity, Oracle ZFS Storage appliance’s DTrace Analytics office provides an intuitive graphical consumer interface with which to monitor and perquisite away unravel performance bottlenecks utter the course through backup and fix operations.

    Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3 is equally efficient for Oracle Database installations operating on Oracle SPARC T5, M5, and M6 systems, as well as non-Oracle servers.

    Get greater details about Oracle ZFS Storage appliances and register for an Oracle webcast  that discusses backup and restoration for Oracle’s engineered systems

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    Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3 Implementation Essentials

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    New Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-BA Proves pattern for Backing Up and Restoring Oracle’s Engineered Systems | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Mar 3, 2014

    Protecting valuable industry information has become more principal than ever as data continues to grow by 40 to 50 percent per year, by some estimates. IT managers puss a dilemma: how to complete backup and restore operations within shrinking windows of time while too reducing complexity, risk, and cost.

    When it comes to protecting data stored in Oracle’s engineered systems, the recently announced Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3  addresses these challenges with high-performance streaming throughput and tight integration with Oracle Database that is unavailable to competitors. Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-BA complements the extreme performance of Oracle’s engineered systems, including Oracle Exadata Database Machine  and Oracle SuperCluster, and provides unique functionality by

  • Delivering direct high-speed InfiniBand connectivity
  • Maintaining Oracle Recovery Manager best practices without the exigency for risky and costly third-party backup software agents, servers, and skill-sets
  • Providing co-engineered solutions such as Oracle Hybrid Columnar Compression that reduce data and enlarge performance throughput
  • Pre-racked, pre-configured and leverages Oracle’s exclusive Engineered Systems Backup Utility to speed implementation
  • “Enterprises acquire shorter windows of time in which to complete backup and restore operations, which makes towering performance essential,” says Kerstin Woods, Oracle Senior Principal Product Marketing Director. “At the same time, these operations must subsist light to implement and reliable, to assure that essential data is readily available if a failure occurs. Oracle’s ZFS Storage ZS3 ensures that captious service-level agreements are met and streamlines operations for greater IT productivity.”

    In addition, Oracle ZFS Storage Appliances assist reduce the risk of failed restores by enhancing availability with dual controllers, predictive self-healing features, and a fault-management architecture that automatically detects and diagnoses underlying problems. To ease management complexity, Oracle ZFS Storage Appliance’s DTrace Analytics feature provides an intuitive graphical user interface with which to monitor and quickly resolve performance bottlenecks during backup and restore operations.

    Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3 is equally efficient for Oracle Database installations running on Oracle SPARC T5, M5, and M6 systems, as well as non-Oracle servers.

    Get more details about Oracle ZFS Storage Appliances and register for an Oracle webcast  that discusses backup and restore for Oracle’s engineered systems

    Hybrid storage arrays vs. all-flash arrays: A microscopic gleam or a lot? | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Now that solid-state storage prices acquire dropped, more vendors proffer all-flash arrays; but are they really much...

    better than hybrid storage arrays that amalgamate gleam with spinning disk?

    Comparing technology systems has traditionally relied on a "price-to-performance" analysis that tries to normalize system differences into an apples-to-apples comparison. With respect to storage, the advent of gleam (solid-state) drives created a situation where IT buyers had to settle between charge and performance. gleam storage offered blazing speeds, but at a very towering cost per gigabyte ($/GB). At the other conclude of the spectrum, multi-terabyte difficult disk drives (HDDs) are very economical, but with just around 75 raw IOPS per drive there better not subsist much labor in the workload if that's where your data is located.

    HDDs acquire an advantage in $/GB, while gleam has an advantage in $/IOPS.

    Hybrid arrays are intended to balance that equation. By adding a thin slice of gleam storage to an array (i.e., 2% to 5% of total capacity), available IOPS may double and reduce read latency from 10+ milliseconds (ms) down to 3 ms to 5 ms. Even though the gleam is expensive by itself, an overall 10% to 20% enlarge in array charge to capitulate a 2X performance gain adds a lot of bang to the buck.

    As Good as 3 ms to 5 ms latency sounds, for an increasing number of applications this variability is unacceptable. All-flash arrays can deliver sub-millisecond read latency with a guaranteed property of service (QoS). There are no pre-fetch issues with gleam and no variability between a cached read and a quest because on gleam utter I/Os are effectively cache reads. To reclaim it in perspective, improving from 10 ms to 5 ms and then down to 0.5 ms is a 20X performance gain from HDD to all-flash on a latency basis. Although the inequity between HDD prices and gleam has narrowed considerably, most organizations silent don't acquire the budget to deploy hundreds of terabytes of it. So, if deploying gleam technology judiciously is principal to an organization, knowing where the breakpoints between hybrid and all-flash are will assist managers to capitulate the best decision.

     Selecting hybrid and all-flash arrays Price/performance of hybrid storage arrays vs. all-flash arrays

    With price-to-performance being the major consideration in storage purchases, let's examine those two areas first. When it comes to cost, it's an industry truism that the purchase charge is approximately 20% of the three-year cost of ownership for conventional HDD arrays. All-flash storage arrays shatter this model, however, partly because the purchase charge goes up but operating costs Go down. For example, Nimbus Data, a maker of all-flash arrays, estimates that its arrays exercise just 8 watts per TB, whereas HDD arrays may exercise 80 watts per TB. Moreover, Nimbus advises that users can fully populate a rack with usable space and assemble up to 90% utilization without performance degradation. This offers the potential for less floor space, cooling and power per TB of storage. High-capacity SATA drives proffer gigabyte density, but won't meet even moderate IOPS or latency requirements. Given that gleam is following the downward curve of cache memory, it's well worth the time to compare the total cost of ownership (TCO) of all-flash and hybrid storage systems.

    Hewlett-Packard (HP) Co. offers a different perspective on cost metrics: $/transaction. This metric is reflective of the actual industry cost, whereas $/GB and $/IOPS reflect purchase cost only. The $/transaction metric can subsist applied irrespective of media type, making a "non-denominational" comparison between techs. High-transaction workloads may actually behold a lower $/transaction on all-flash arrays, whereas lower transaction environments may acquire a lower $/transaction on hybrid storage arrays. Either way, the result is calculable and definitive.

    Although it may subsist considered a "soft" cost, IT managers should factor in the value of the user's experience. Justifiably or not, if users perceive an application to subsist slow, they're more likely to acquire a negative perception of the IT organization or provider. It's a bit relish the adage that when airline passengers find coffee stains on their tray tables, they question the property of engine maintenance. It may therefore capitulate sense to disburse a few extra dollars to help the user's perception of quality, especially in this era of IT outsourcing.

    Deduplication and compression are staples of nearly utter storage systems and are frequently used to generate a $/GB design that's much more benign than those based on raw capacity. However, a cautionary note is in order. Increasingly, deduplication and single-instance storage (SIS) are taking status at the OS and application layers (i.e., VMware and SIS products for Exchange). Deduplication and compression can't occur twice on the same data, so storage managers may behold less reduction than they anticipate as dedupe moves up the stack.

    For the purposes of commercial computing applications, storage performance has been utter about IOPS until very recently. Perhaps this was because storage arrays inherently couldn't guarantee a specific QoS. All-flash arrays change that game, and SolidFire promotes its gleam arrays squarely as storage QoS delivery vehicles. SolidFire allows IOPS to subsist provisioned on a per-volume basis with minimum, maximum and burst parameters. This throttling, along with dynamic adjustment, gives storage managers an additional mechanism for precisely delivering performance where it's needed. SolidFire too suggests that guaranteed QoS solves the "noisy neighbor" problem. For example, in a typical hybrid array, applications may compete for the gleam tier of storage based on data access, resulting in oversubscribed gleam and sub-optimal performance for utter applications. Allocating IOPS to each application specifically solves this problem.

    Either or both?

    Established vendors acquire extended their traditional HDD products to embrace gleam technology, often with hybrid devices and all-flash units. IBM, EMC Corp., NetApp Inc. and HP each proffer an "all of the above" portfolio, though the specific implementations differ in principal ways.

    IBM has extended its SAN Volume Controller (SVC) virtualization capability to manage "fit for purpose" all-flash devices such as the FlashSystem family or hybrid arrays in its XIV Storage System, Storwize and DS product lines. Because utter devices can subsist managed through SVC, IBM extends the concept of hybrid to not only arrays, but the enterprise storage ecosystem. The intent is to allow ultimate flexibility in deploying both combinations of media, as well as combinations of arrays for scale and performance where needed.

    EMC's VMAX can virtualize hybrid and all-flash systems into a single ecosystem. Its VMAX, VNX, VNXe and Isilon products can too subsist configured as either hybrid or all-flash. Thus, users can enter at any point and evolve the solution as requirements change over time. In addition, the company's XtremIO arrays proffer an all-flash solution from the ground up. Because it doesn't necessarily acquire to divide its hybrid and all-flash offerings, EMC views the market more horizontally. That is, it can proffer traditional HDD arrays to the more budget-conscious buyer, hybrid configurations to those needing more performance and all-flash for situations that demand guaranteed QoS. Which product line will subsist recommended is determined by Reliability, Availability and Serviceability (RAS) requirements, with customers needing up to "six nines" of availability choosing VMAX, regardless of hybrid or all-flash provisioning.

    HP's 3PAR similarly offers everything from all-HDD to hybrid to gleam configurations, but with some keen wrinkles. HP offers both single-level cell and multi-level cell gleam in the same arrays. The company recommends using the caching layer for writes and the gleam tier for reads. This builds upon its Adaptive Optimization software that enables sub-LUN tiering. 3PAR's OS has a built-in clustered volume manager and virtual recollection implementation that seamlessly virtualizes utter media types, including recent media.

    NetApp offers gleam across its entire portfolio of FAS, V-series and E-series arrays; the EF540 is an all-flash system. NetApp usually recommends gleam Pools in its arrays with 1% to 2% of total capacity in flash. The company suggests that typical workloads, such as email, Web serving, app dev and collaboration are best served with hybrid configurations. In these exercise cases, workloads require less than 150,000 IOPS and can tolerate 3 ms to 5 ms of latency. For higher IOPS workloads or where QoS demands sub-ms latency, all-flash is prescribed.

    Oracle's ZFS Storage ZS3 are hybrid arrays, but the company says users may assemble up to a 90% data hit rate using its flash/DRAM architecture and sub-ms latency on those reads. Moreover, the company touts a significant cost advantage over competitive all-flash systems. Thus, users may assemble near all-flash performance at a hybrid price. Oracle's Hybrid Storage Pool dynamically and automatically moves data across DRAM, read-flash and write-flash to optimize array performance.

    RAID considerations

    Flash devices exigency to subsist protected by RAID just relish any other storage media. Although most vendors back conventional RAID techniques for flash, RAID exercise can extract a charge in capacity terms as well as processing overhead just as it does for HDDs. IBM addresses this issue with "variable stripe RAID" in its FlashSystem technology where RAID 5 is built into the gleam controller. The result is parity-based RAID at line speed with the workload distributed across controllers. NetApp deploys Dynamic Disk Pools in its SANtricity (E-series) software that distributes data, parity and spare capacity across drives. NetApp claims this speeds recovery of failed drives while maintaining greater performance. Nimbus uses a RAID 5 algorithm designed to avoid the wear penalty associated with writing to flash.

    Some agreement on guidelines

    Despite differences in architectures, the vendors generally disagree on some hybrid vs. all-flash guidelines. First, if sub-ms or guaranteed QoS is required, then all-flash arrays are the course to go. Or, in the case of Oracle, a hybrid that can deliver near all-flash performance. QoS application candidates involve e-commerce where user suffer is paramount and conclusion back analysis where time is of the essence. Second, if variable and unpredictable workloads are to subsist serviced, hybrid devices can often serve the exigency at a lower $/GB. Nimbus, SolidFire and other all-flash vendors may acquire different answers to this rule of thumb that accomplish indeed acquire keen price/performance characteristics and may acquire a $/IOPS advantage. Application candidates in this area involve collaboration, email and anything where data lifecycle issues carry weight that not utter data requires immediate access.

    7.2 OpenStack | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the bespeak 

    A structured implementation of a private cloud would capitalize from well-defined services, which are consumed by the virtual environments that self-service users deploy. One common implementation of those services, along with the management tools necessary to deploy and exercise a private cloud, is OpenStack. The following subsections report OpenStack briefly, and then dispute the integration of Oracle Solaris and OpenStack.

    7.2.1 What Is OpenStack?

    OpenStack is a community-based open-source project to profile a comprehensive management layer to create and manage private clouds. This project was first undertaken as a joint endeavor of Rackspace and NASA in 2010, but is now driven by the OpenStack Foundation. Since 2010, OpenStack has been the fastest-growing open-source project on a worldwide basis, with thousands of commercial and individual contributors spread across the globe. The community launches two OpenStack releases per year.

    OpenStack can subsist considered an operating system for cloud environments. It provides the foundation for Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) clouds. Some recent modules add features required in Platform as a Service (PaaS) clouds. OpenStack should not subsist viewed as layered software, however, but rather as an integrated infrastructure component. Thus, although the OpenStack community launches OpenStack releases, infrastructure vendors must integrate the open-source components into their own platforms to deliver the OpenStack functionality. Several operating system, network, and storage vendors proffer OpenStack-enabled products.

    OpenStack abstracts compute, network, and storage resources for the user, with those resources being exposed through a web portal with a single management pane. This integrated approach enables administrators to easily manage a variety of storage devices and hypervisors. The cloud services are based on a series of OpenStack modules, which communicate through a defined RESTful API between the various modules.

    If a vendor plans to proffer back for certain OpenStack services in its products, it must implement the functionality of those services and provide access to the functionality through the relaxation APIs. This can subsist done by delivering a service plugin, specialized for the product, that fills the gap between the relaxation API definition and the existing product feature.

    7.2.2 The OpenStack common Architecture

    Figure 7.3 depicts the common architecture of an OpenStack deployment. It consists of services provided by the OpenStack framework, and compute nodes that consume those services. This section describes those services.

    Several OpenStack services are used to profile an OpenStack-based private cloud. The services are interconnected via the relaxation APIs and depend on each other. But not utter services are always needed to profile a cloud, however, and not every vendor delivers utter services. Some services acquire a special purpose and are configured only when appropriate; others are always needed when setting up a private cloud.

    Because of the clearly defined relaxation APIs, services are extensible. The following list summarizes the core service modules.

  • Cinder (block storage): Provides obstruct storage for OpenStack compute instances and manages the creation, attaching, and detaching of obstruct devices to OpenStack instances.

  • Glance (images): Provides discovery, registration, and delivery services for disk and server images. The stored images can subsist used as templates for the deployment of VEs.

  • Heat (orchestration): Enables the orchestration of complete application stacks, based on heat templates.

  • Horizon (dashboard): Provides the dashboard management appliance to access and provision cloud-based resources from a browser-based interface.

  • Ironic (bare-metal provisioning): Used to provision bare-metal OpenStack guests, such as physical nodes.

  • Keystone (authentication and authorization): Provides authentication and high-level authorization for the cloud and between cloud services. It consists of a central directory of users mapped to those cloud services they can access.

  • Manila (shared file system): Allows the OpenStack instances to access shared file systems in the cloud.

  • Neutron (network): Manages software-defined network services such as networks, routers, switches, and IP addresses to back multitenancy.

  • Nova (compute): The primary service that provides the provisioning of virtual compute environments based on user requirement and available resources.

  • Swift (object storage): A redundant and scalable storage system, with objects and files stored and managed on disk drives across multiple servers.

  • Trove (database as a service): Allows users to quickly provision and manage multiple database instances without the cross of handling complex administrative tasks.

  • 7.2.3 Oracle Solaris and OpenStack

    Oracle Solaris 11 includes a plenary distribution of OpenStack as a standard, supported piece of the platform. The first such release was Oracle Solaris 11.2, which integrated the Havana OpenStack release. The Juno release was integrated into Oracle Solaris 11.2 back Repository Update (SRU) 6. In Solaris 11.3 SRU 9, the integrated OpenStack software was updated to the Kilo release.

    OpenStack services acquire been tightly integrated into the technology foundations of Oracle Solaris. The integration of OpenStack and Solaris leveraged many recent Solaris features that had been designed specifically for cloud environments. Some of the Solaris features integrated into OpenStack include:

  • Solaris Zones driver integration with Nova to deploy Oracle Solaris Zones and Solaris Kernel Zones

  • Neutron driver integration with Oracle Solaris network virtualization, including Elastic Virtual Switch

  • Cinder driver integration with the ZFS file system

  • Unified Archives integration with Glance image management and Heat orchestration

  • Bare-metal provisioning implementation using the Oracle Solaris Automated Installer (AI)

  • Figure 7.4 shows the OpenStack services implemented in Oracle Solaris and the related supporting Oracle Solaris features.

    All services acquire been integrated into the Solaris Service Management Framework (SMF) to ensure service reliability, automatic service restart, and node dependency management. SMF properties enable additional configuration options. Oracle Solaris Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) ensures that the OpenStack services, represented by their corresponding SMF services, elope with minimal privileges.

    The OpenStack modules are delivered in divide Oracle Solaris packages, as shown in this sample generated in Solaris 11.3:

    # pkg list -af | grep openstack cloud/openstack 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/cinder 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/glance 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/heat 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/horizon 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/ironic 0.2015.2.1- i-- cloud/openstack/keystone 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/neutron 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/nova 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/openstack-common 0.2015.2.2- i-- cloud/openstack/swift 2.3.2- i--

    To easily install the total OpenStack distribution on a system, the cloud/openstack group package may subsist installed. It automatically installs utter of the relative OpenStack modules and libraries, plus additional packages such as rad, rabbitmq, and mysql.

    The integration of OpenStack with the Solaris Image Packaging System (IPS) greatly simplifies updates of OpenStack on a cloud node, through the exercise of plenary package dependency checking and rollback. This was accomplished through integration with ZFS boot environments. Through a single update mechanism, an administrator can easily apply the latest software fixes to a system, including the virtual environments.

    7.2.4 Compute Virtualization with Solaris Zones and Solaris Kernel Zones

    Oracle Solaris Zones and Oracle Solaris Kernel Zones are used for OpenStack compute functionality. They provide excellent environments for application workloads and are rapidly and light to provision in a cloud environment.

    The life cycle of Solaris Zones as compute instances in an OpenStack cloud is controlled by the Solaris Nova driver for Solaris Zones. The instances are deployed by using the Nova command-line interface or by using the Horizon dashboard. To launch an instance, the cloud user selects a flavor, a Glance image, and a Neutron network. Figures 7.5 and 7.6 demonstrate the flavors available with Oracle Solaris OpenStack and the launch screen for an OpenStack instance.

    Figure 7.6

    Figure 7.6 OpenStack Instance Launch Screen

    Oracle Solaris options specify the creation of a Solaris autochthonous zone or a Solaris kernel zone. Those special properties are assigned as extra_specs, which are typically set through the command line. The property’s keys comprise a set of zone properties that are typically configured with the zonecfg command and that are supported in OpenStack.

    The following keys are supported in both kernel zones and non-global zone flavors:

  • zonecfg:bootargs

  • zonecfg:brand

  • zonecfg:hostid

  • zonecfg:cpu-arch

  • The following keys are supported only in non-global zone flavors:

  • zonecfg:file-mac-profile

  • zonecfg:fs-allowed

  • zonecfg:limitpriv

  • The list of current flavors can subsist displayed on the command line:

    +----+-----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------+ | ID | name | extra_specs | +----+-----------------------------------------+-----------------------------------+ | 1 | Oracle Solaris kernel zone - tiny | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris-kz'} | | 10 | Oracle Solaris non-global zone - xlarge | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris'} | | 2 | Oracle Solaris kernel zone - miniature | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris-kz'} | | 3 | Oracle Solaris kernel zone - medium | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris-kz'} | | 4 | Oracle Solaris kernel zone - large | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris-kz'} | | 5 | Oracle Solaris kernel zone - xlarge | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris-kz'} | | 6 | Oracle Solaris non-global zone - tiny | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris'} | | 7 | Oracle Solaris non-global zone - miniature | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris'} | | 8 | Oracle Solaris non-global zone - medium | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris'} | | 9 | Oracle Solaris non-global zone - large | {u'zonecfg:brand': u'solaris'} |

    The sc_profile key can subsist modified only from the command line. This key is used to specify a system configuration profile for the flavor—for example, to preassign DNS or other system configurations to each flavor. For example, the following command will set a specific system configuration file for a flavor in the previously given list (i.e., “Oracle Solaris kernel zone – large”):

    $ nova flavor-key 4 set sc_profile=/system/volatile/profile/sc_profile.xml

    Launching an instance initiates the following actions in an OpenStack environment:

  • The Nova scheduler selects a compute node in the cloud, based on the selected flavor, that meets the hypervisor type, architecture, number of VCPUs, and RAM requirements.

  • On the chosen compute node, the Solaris Nova implementation will ship a request to Cinder to find suitable storage in the cloud that can subsist used for the recent instance’s root file system. It then triggers the creation of a volume in that storage. Additionally, Nova obtains networking information and a network port in the selected network for an instance, by communicating with the Neutron service.

  • The Cinder volume service delegates the volume creation to the storage device, receives the related Storage Unified Resource Identifier (SURI), and communicates that SURI back to the selected compute node. Typically this volume will reside on a different system from the compute node and will subsist accessed by the instance using shared storage such as FibreChannel, iSCSI, or NFS.

  • The Neutron service assigns a Neutron network port to the instance, based on the cloud networking configuration. utter instances instantiated by the compute service exercise an exclusive IP stack instance. Each instance includes an anet resource with its configure-allowed-address property set to false, and its evs and vport properties set to UUIDs supplied by Neutron that depict a particular virtualized switch segment and port.

  • After the Solaris Zone and OpenStack resources acquire been configured, the zone is installed and booted, based on the assigned Glance image. This uses Solaris Unified Archives.

  • The following sample shows a Solaris Zones configuration file, created by OpenStack for an iSCSI Cinder volume as boot volume:

    compute-node # zonecfg -z instance-00000008 info zonename: instance-00000008 brand: solaris tenant: 740885068ed745c492e55c9e1c688472 anet: linkname: net0 configure-allowed-address: false evs: a6365a98-7be1-42ec-88af-b84fa151b5a0 vport: 8292e26a-5063-4bbb-87aa-7f3d51ff75c0 rootzpool: storage: iscsi://st01-sn:3260/ capped-cpu: [ncpus: 1.00] capped-memory: [swap: 1G] rctl: name: zone.cpu-cap value: (priv=privileged,limit=100,action=deny) rctl: name: zone.max-swap value: (priv=privileged,limit=1073741824,action=deny) 7.2.5 Cloud Networking with Elastic Virtual Switch

    OpenStack networking creates virtual networks that interconnect VEs instantiated by the OpenStack compute node (Nova). It too connects these VEs to network services in the cloud, such as DHCP and routing. Neutron provides APIs to create and exercise multiple networks and to allocate multiple VEs to networks, which are themselves assigned to different tenants. Each network tenant is represented in the network layer via an isolated Layer 2 network segment—comparable to VLANs in physical networks. design 7.7 shows the relationships among these components.

    Subnets are properties that are assigned much relish blocks of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses—that is, default-router or nameserver. Neutron creates ports in these subnets and assigns them together with several properties to virtual machines. The L3-router functionality of Neutron interconnects tenant networks to external networks and enables VEs to access the Internet through source NAT. Floating IP addresses create a static one-to-one mapping from a public IP address on the external network to a private IP address in the cloud, assigned to one VE.

    Oracle Solaris Zones and Oracle Solaris Kernel Zones, as OpenStack instances, exercise the Solaris VNIC technology to connect to the tenant networks. utter VNICs are bound with virtual network switches to physical network interfaces. If multiple tenants exercise one physical interface, then multiple virtual switches are created above that physical interface.

    If multiple compute nodes acquire been deployed in one cloud and multiple tenants are used, virtual switches from the same tenant are spread over multiple compute nodes, as shown in design 7.8.

    A technology is needed to control these distributed switches as one switch. The virtual networks can subsist created by, for example, VXLAN or VLAN. In the case of Oracle Solaris, the Solaris Elastic Virtual Switch (EVS) feature is used to control the distributed virtual switches. The back-end to OpenStack uses a Neutron plugin.

    Finally, EVS is controlled by a Neutron plugin so that it offers an API to the cloud. In each compute node, the virtual switches are controlled by an EVS plugin to profile a distributed switch for multiple tenants.

    7.2.6 Cloud Storage with ZFS and COMSTAR

    The OpenStack Cinder service provides central management for obstruct storage volumes as boot storage and for application data. To create a volume, the Cinder scheduler selects a storage back-end, based on storage size and storage nature requirements, and the Cinder volume service controls the volume creation. The Cinder API then sends the necessary access information back to the cloud.

    Different types of storage can subsist used to provide storage to the cloud, such as FibreChannel, iSCSI, NFS, or the local disks of the compute nodes. The nature used depends on the storage requirements. These requirements involve characteristics such as capacity, throughput, latency and availability, and requirements for local storage or shared storage. Shared storage is required if migration of OpenStack instances between compute nodes is needed. Local storage may often subsist adequate for short-term, ephemeral data. The cloud user is not vigilant of the storage technology that has been chosen, because the Cinder volume service represents the storage simply as a nature of storage, not as a specific storage product model.

    The Cinder volume service is configured to exercise an OpenStack storage plugin, which knows the specifics of a storage device. sample characteristics involve the mode to create a Cinder volume, and a mode to access the data.

    Multiple Cinder storage plugins are available for Oracle Solaris, which are based on ZFS to provide volumes to the OpenStack instances:

  • The ZFSVolumeDriver supports the creation of local volumes for exercise by Nova on the same node as the Cinder volume service. This mode is typically applied when using the local disks in compute nodes.

  • The ZFSISCSIDriver and the ZFSFCDriver back the creation and export of iSCSI and FC targets, respectively, for exercise by remote Nova compute nodes. COMSTAR allows any Oracle Solaris host to become a storage server, serving obstruct storage via iSCSI or FC.

  • The ZFSSAISCSIDriver supports the creation and export of iSCSI targets from a remote Oracle ZFS Storage Appliance for exercise by remote Nova compute nodes.

  • In addition, other storage plugins can subsist configured in the Cinder volume service, if the storage vendor has provided the usurp Cinder storage plugin. For example, the OracleFSFibreChannelDriver enables Oracle FS1 storage to subsist used in OpenStack clouds to provide FibreChannel volumes.

    7.2.7 Sample Deployment Options

    The functional enablement of Oracle Solaris for OpenStack is based on two main precepts. The first aspect is the availability and back of the OpenStack API with various software libraries and plugins in Oracle Solaris. The second aspect is the creation and integration of OpenStack plugins to enable specific Oracle Solaris functions in OpenStack. As discussed earlier, those plugins acquire been developed and provided for Cinder, Neutron, and Nova, as well as for Ironic.

    Deploying an OpenStack-based private cloud with OpenStack for Oracle Solaris is similar to the setup of other OpenStack-based platforms.

  • The design and setup of the hardware platform (server systems, network and storage) for the cloud are very important. mindful design pays off during the configuration and production phases for the cloud.

  • Oracle Solaris must subsist installed on the server systems. The installation of Oracle Solaris OpenStack packages can occur with installation of Solaris—a process that can subsist automated with the Solaris Automated Installer.

  • After choosing between the storage options, the storage node is installed and integrated into the cloud.

  • The various OpenStack modules must subsist configured with their configuration files, yielding a plenary functional IaaS private cloud with OpenStack. The OpenStack configuration files are located in the /etc/[cinder, neutron, nova, ..] directories. The final step is the activation of the related SMF services with their dependencies.

  • The design of the hardware platform is too very important. Besides OpenStack, a common cloud architecture to subsist managed by OpenStack includes these required parts:

  • One or multiple compute nodes for the workload.

  • A cloud network to host the rational network internal to the cloud. Those networks link together network ports of the instances, which together profile one network broadcast domain. This internal rational network is typically composed with VxLAN or tagged VLAN technology.

  • Storage resources to boot the OpenStack instances and withhold application data persistent.

  • A storage network, if shared storage is used, to connect the shared storage with the compute nodes.

  • An internal control network, used by the OpenStack API’s internal messages and to drive the compute, network, and storage parts of the cloud; this network can too subsist used to manage, install, and monitor utter cloud nodes.

  • A cloud control part, which runs the various OpenStack control services for the OpenStack cloud relish the Cinder and Nova scheduler, the Cinder volume service, the MySQL management database, or the RabbitMQ messaging service.

  • Figure 7.9 shows a common OpenStack cloud, based on a multinode architecture with multiple compute nodes, shared storage, isolated networks and controlled cloud access through a centralized network node.

    7.2.8 Single-System Prototype Environment

    You can demonstrate an OpenStack environment in a single system. In this case, a single network is used, or multiple networks are created using etherstubs, to profile the internal network of the cloud. “Compute nodes” can then subsist instantiated as kernel zones. However, if you exercise kernel zones as compute nodes, then OpenStack instances can subsist only non-global zones. This selection does not permit application of several features, including Nova migration. This single-node setup can subsist implemented very easily with Oracle Solaris, using a Unified Archive of a comprehensive OpenStack installation.

    Such single-system setups are typically implemented so that users can become close with OpenStack or to create very miniature prototypes. Almost utter production deployments will exercise multiple computers to achieve the availability goals of a cloud.

    There is one exception to this guideline: A SPARC system running Oracle Solaris (e.g., SPARC T7-4) can subsist configured as a multinode environment, using multiple rational domains, connected with internal virtual networks. The result is silent a single physical system, which includes multiple isolated Solaris instances, but is represented relish a multinode cloud.

    7.2.9 Simple Multinode Environment

    Creating a multinode OpenStack cloud increases the choices available in utter parts of the common cloud architecture. The architect makes the conclusion between one unified network or divide networks when choosing the design for the cloud network, the internal network, and the storage network. Alternatively, those networks might not subsist single networks, but rather networks with redundancy features such as IPMP, DLMP, LACP, or MPXIO. utter of these technologies are piece of Oracle Solaris and can subsist selected to create the network architecture of the cloud.

    Another principal conclusion to subsist made is how to connect the cloud to the public or corporate network. The common architecture described earlier shows a controlled cloud access through a centralized network node. While this setup enforces centralized access to the cloud via a network node, it can too lead to complicated availability or throughput limitations. An alternative setup is a flat cloud, shown in design 7.10, in which the compute nodes are directly connected to the public network, so that no single access point limits throughput or availability. It is the responsibility of the cloud architect to settle which option is the most usurp choice.

    For the compute nodes, the conclusion can subsist made between SPARC nodes (SPARC T5, T7, S7, M7, or M10 servers), x86_64 nodes, or a mixed-node cloud that combines both architectures. Oracle Solaris OpenStack will wield both processor architectures in one cloud. Typically, compute nodes with 1 or 2 sockets with medium recollection capacity (512 GB) are chosen. More generally, by using SPARC systems, compute nodes ranging from very miniature to very large in size can subsist combined in one cloud without any special configuration efforts.

    The cloud storage is typically shared storage. In a shared storage architecture, disks storing the running instances are located outside the compute nodes. Cloud instances can then subsist easily recovered with migration or evacuation, in case of compute node downtime. Using shared storage is operationally simple because having divide compute hosts and storage makes the compute nodes “stateless.” Thus, if there are no instances running on a compute node, that node can subsist taken offline and its contents erased completely without affecting the remaining parts of the cloud. This nature of storage can subsist scaled to any amount of storage. Storage decisions can subsist made based on performance, cost, and availability. Among the choices are an Oracle ZFS storage appliance, shared storage through a Solaris node as iSCSI or FC target server, or shared storage through a FibreChannel SAN storage system.

    To exercise local storage, each compute node’s internal disks store utter data of the instances that the node hosts. Direct access to disks is very cost-effective, because there is no exigency to maintain a divide storage network. The disk performance on each compute node is directly related to the number and performance of existing local disks. The chassis size of the compute node will circumscribe the number of spindles able to subsist used in a compute node. However, if a compute node fails, the instances on it cannot subsist recovered. Also, there is no mode to migrate instances. This omission can subsist a major issue for cloud services that create persistent data. Other cloud services, however, discharge processing services without storing any local data, in which case no local persistent data is created.

    The cloud control plane, implemented as an OpenStack controller, can consist of one or more systems. With Oracle Solaris, typically the OpenStack controller is created in kernel zones for modular setups. Scalability on the controller site can then subsist achieved just by adding another kernel zone. The OpenStack control services can utter subsist combined in one kernel zone. For scalability and reliability reasons, the services can subsist grouped into divide kernel zones, providing the following services:

    7.2.10 OpenStack Summary

    Running OpenStack on Oracle Solaris provides many advantages. A complete OpenStack distribution is piece of the Oracle Solaris Repository and, therefore, is available for Oracle Solaris without any additional cost. The tight integration of the comprehensive virtualization features for compute and networking—Solaris Zones, virtual NICs and switches, and the Elastic Virtual Switch—in Oracle Solaris provide significant value not institute in other OpenStack implementations. The integration of OpenStack with Oracle Solaris leverages the Image Packaging System, ZFS boot environments, and the Service Management Facility. As a consequence, an administrator can quickly start an update of the cloud environment, and can quickly update each service and node in a single operation.

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    Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]

    References :

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